Exodus

A walk through Exodus, chapter by chapter and verse by verse.

Chapter 1

This is the semitic burial property in Goshen where it is believed that Joseph and his 11 brothers were buried. Joseph being the Viceroy to Pharaoh would have been the only one to receive a mixed tomb in the shape of a pyramid with semitic details inside.
Statue to the semitic ruler found inside of the pyramidal tomb in Goshen…do you see a coat of many colors?
This is the Black Pyramid of Amenemhat III at Dahshur. The limestone outer layer has been stripped and the mud and straw brick interior structure has been heavily weathered.
This is the tomb pyramid of Amenemhat III at Hawara, again the outer layer of limestone has been repurposed while the mud and straw brick core weathers away.
This is a great article exposing the concrete construction used on the pyramids

Chapter 2

Amenemhat III, a candidate for the Pharaoh at the time of Moses. His daughter who it is believed could also later have become one of his wives, was named Neferuptah and it is possibly she who takes Moses from the water.
This is a Sphinx of Amenemhat III in a “Hyksos” style. This is likely because of the large interactions of the Hyksos in the Northeastern region and the Egyptians.
Ahmose I is a candidate for the Pharoah of the Exodus. He successfully united once again the Northern and Southern kingdoms while expanding the control of Egypt into Canaan while expelling the Hyksos of the Northeastern Nile Delta
Ahmose led three attacks against the city of Avaris the Hyksos capital but was able to conquer it in his fourth attempt and was also able to take the stronghold of the Hyksos Sharuhen near Gaza after a 3-6 year siege after taking their capital Avaris. He was strong enough to restore Theban rule over all of Egypt and reasserted Egyptian authority with the former territories of Nubia and Canaan.
Perhaps, this was how he was able to enslave the Hebrews (or Hyksos)
Pharaoh is usually shown on a reed raft along with Osiris or Ra as they cross our sky in order to connect the ruler with the deities
Reed rafts made from papyrus are still used today in parts of Egypt and Africa
Papyrus, a valuable natural resource in the Nile River region and the material used to create the raft for Moses
This is where Moses fled to after it was uncovered that he had murdered an Egyptian

Well of Moses to the day

Chapter 3

Al Bad, Saudi Arabia
A view southwest from Midian towards Horeb (foreground with 3 summits) and Sinai (background)
A view northeast with Sinai (foreground) and Horeb (background with 3 summits to the left)
Located in the Northwest part of the Saudi Arabian peninsula of the Middle East, there is not a lot of rainfall to grow vegetation. So any fire would quickly consume the source and would rarely spread to other areas given distances between plants

Chapters 4&5

In requesting to travel 3 day’s journey to go into the wilderness to worship Yahweh, the underlying implication was that they would just take off. An average traveler would make 15-20 miles per day.
Colorized Egyptian hieroglyphs depicting the manufacture of mud and straw bricks
Although a modern hay field, the stubble is plainly left from where the hay was harvested. Basically the leftover grass which is still growing is the stubble. This is what the Hebrews would have had to go and gather in order to try and meet their quotas.
Mud and straw bricks are still used today in arid regions of the world. Sun-dried, the straw/hay acts like the “rebar” to the mud
A close up of installed mud and straw bricks
Ruins in Egypt made from mud and straw bricks
Allied soldiers explore the Ziggurat at Ur in Iraq. Notice these are clay fired or clay-baked bricks which were also utilized in the Tower of Babel. They hold their shape longer and erode far slower, compared to the mud and straw bricks.

Chapters 6-11

Hapi- god of the Nile
Heket- goddess of the harvest
Geb- god of dust and earth
Khepri- god of creation and rebirth
Hathor- goddess of love and protection
Nut- goddess of the sky
Set- god of chaos and storms
Ra- god of the sun
Pharaoh- son of Ra